How far did Wilson succeed with his aims?

During this month, we have been discussing the terms that had been signed at the Treaty of Versailles and how far did they accord with Wilson’s aims. The following text is an essay in which this is proved:

HOW SUCCESSFUL WAS WILSON IN ACHIEVING HIS AIMS AT VERSAILLES? EXPLAIN YOUR ANSWER

         During the Great War, Woodrow Wilson, president of the United States, prepared a list of Fourteen Points as the basis for ending the war fairly and create a just & lasting peace. At the Paris Peace Conference, the Big Three, Woodrow Wilson from the USA, David Lloyd George from Great Britain and Georges Clemenceau from France, discussed the important issues about Germany’s punishment, their compensations and Wilson’s Fourteen Points. Nevertheless, at the time of considering the concepts, not everybody agreed with each other’s ideas so, after all, some opinions could not be completely or even not performed at all.
          In the process, not all the aims were accomplished, especially, the Fourteen Points. On the one hand, Wilson achieved the point which stated that nations should cooperate to attain world peace(the League of Nations). Also, the recovery from France of Alsace-Lorraine and Poland’s independence with access to the sea.
         Furthermore, although he wanted the whole of his objectives to be attained, he attained some of them, for instance, the disarmament for all countries, he willed every nation to work towards disarmament, however, he gained German disarmament, or self-determination for colonies, despite the fact that it was only settled for German colonies.
         On the other hand, Wilson could not obtain the realisation of some of his aims. For example, a just & lasting peace. At the Treaty, it was signed a term which consisted in War Guilt, this meant that Germany had to accept the responsibility and the blame for starting the war, which was a very harsh punishment that could harass Germany and cause her to look for revenge as soon as she recovered, or, that might lead to a communist revolution, as well as in Russia in 1917. Moreover, the first events that led to war, weren’t caused by Germany, such as the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand or the ultimatum from Austria-Hungary to Serbia. All in all, this term was completely against a just and lasting peace.
        Besides, Wilson wanted every nation to have access to the seas in peacetime or wartime, he demanded strengthen democracy between countries, so that countries could make decisions about their leaders not to cause another war and he required free trade between countries, nonetheless, they were not achieved.
       In conclusion, Wilson’s aims overpassed various situations in which they had to be discussed. Some of them were accomplished, some not and others were about to. In addition, at Versailles, there were some terms that were all against the Fourteen Points, though, with the passing of time his opinions and points of view were shown to the rest of the world.

By: Anouk de Laferrere

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