The following text, is the first history essay that we do. It discusses what Short-Term Cause is the most important:
“NAVAL RIVALRY WAS THE MAIN CAUSE OF WW1”
How far do you agree with this statement?
I believe that all of the causes are the main cause of WW1. There is not specially one specific cause that stands out between the others. WW1 was a consequence of all the different reasons. Apart from the fact that one of them is not enough to lead to war, all of them developed the same types of tension; alliance and rivalry, nevertheless, they contributed with these in their own ways. In this essay I am going to explore the different causes of WW1 to uncover how they led to it.
In the period between the 1870 and the 1914, the Short and Long-Term Causes took place. These ones were the ones which led to war. The Long-Term Causes, happened between the 1870 and the 1900. And the Short-Term Causes, took place between the start of the twentieth century, and 1914.
The First Moroccan Crisis, let, specially, Germany & France, have trade with Morocco, and France some more. The Second Moroccan Crisis, led France to the colonisation of Morocco and Germany having part of the territory of Congo. The alliance was between Great Britain & France, the Anglo-French Entente. The rivalry was between Germany & France. And the tension was because two rival countries wanted the same territory.
Moreover, the Arms Race, worked out , not only, Germany, France & Great Britain, building up their armies and prepare in case there was war. For instance, Germany and France’s plans were the Schlieffen Plan, from Germany and the Plan Seventeenth, from France. There was an alliance between Great Britain & France. And the rivalry was between Germany & France.
In addition, the Naval Race, had another purpose that contributed to WW1. It developed the rivalry between Great Britain & Germany. This rivalry started when the new Kaiser of Germany, stated that they would develop a much greater navy. So, with this, Great Britain felt threatened, because, as she was an island, she needed a great navy to defeat herself, but if Germany increased her navy, she would take control of the English Channel and Great Britain was not going to be able to fight.
Additionally, the Balkans Crisis, encouraged the ethnic groups of the Austro- Hungarian Empire and the countries inside the Balkans, to become independent. There was tension, because the Austro-Hungarian Empire didn’t want the ethnic groups inside her, to become independent. There were alliances between Russia & Serbia, Russia, Great Britain & France, and Germany, the Austro-Hungarian Empire & Italy. Also, there was rivalry between Germany with Russia & Serbia.
Besides, the Murder at Sarajevo, contributed with tension, created by the annihilation of Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary. This happened because as Germany supported Austria-Hungary, she was more encouraged to destroy Serbia. And the alliances were between Serbia, Russia, France & Great Britain, and Germany, Austria-Hungary & Italy.
The Long-Term Causes, although they had a quantity of years to contribute in WW1, they assisted. The Unification of Italy, and Germany, changed their territory, and made them more powerful. These, caused tension between the Empires. Specially in Germany, because after this, she started having participation in many of the causes, such as the First & Second Moroccan Crisis, the Naval Race, etc…
The Franco-Prussian War, led to the colonisation of Alsace Lorraine, from France, by Prussia. This created tension, especially, in France, because it was a territory plenty of natural resources.
The three divisions of Empires, Established, Growing, and Decaying Empires, were filled with tension, fear, and the feeling of wanting to compete, because they were afraid of losing their land. And, as in the Naval Race, they competed in quantity of arms, ships, soldiers and territory. Additionally, Nationalism, cheered the ethnic groups for seeking independence. This created tension in the other countries or Empires, like in the Balkans Crisis, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Russia, Serbia, or Germany.
Furthermore, during the Short & Long- Term Causes, there were alliances. The countries involved in them, and them were more and more through the passing of time. For instance, the Triple Entente, the Anglo-French Entente, etc…
In conclusion, all of the causes before and after the twentieth century, had the same value. They had all contributed to WW1, with tension, rivalry and alliances.
By: Anouk de Laferrere